Male Menopause Symptoms: What They Mean and How to Treat Them

  • Men's testosterone levels gradually decrease, a process known as andropause or "male menopause".
  • Menopause in men is not as severe compared to women but it can still have a big impact on a man's life.
  • Male menopause symptoms can be lessened with testosterone replacement therapy (TRT).

Male menopause symptoms

Most of the time, when we hear the word "menopause," we picture the changes that women's reproductive systems go through as they get older. But male menopause, also known as andropause, is a condition that can also affect men. Male menopause is a genuine condition that affects many men as they age, despite not being as well-known or understood as female menopause. This article will examine the signs and symptoms of male menopause, as well as the various available treatments. Menopause symptoms can significantly affect a man's quality of life, ranging from hot flashes and mood swings to decreased libido and exhaustion. Men can manage these symptoms and carry on living their lives to the fullest, though, with the right information and care. Let's get started by learning more about male menopause and how to manage it.

Understanding Male Menopause

As men age, their testosterone levels naturally and gradually decrease, a process known as male menopause or andropause. The hormone known as testosterone is in charge of sperm production as well as maintaining bone and muscle mass. A man's quality of life may be negatively impacted by a drop in testosterone levels due to a variety of physical and psychological symptoms. Usually starting in a man's late 30s or early 40s, the decline in testosterone production lasts the rest of his life.

The distinction between male and female menopause should be made clear. Male menopause involves a gradual decline in testosterone levels, whereas female menopause is the abrupt end to menstrual periods. Despite the fact that the physical changes associated with menopause in men are not as severe as those in women, they can still have a big impact on a man's life.

Common Male Menopause Symptoms

Male menopause symptoms can vary from mild to severe depending on the individual. The following are a few of the most typical signs:

Physical Symptoms of Male Menopause

1. Hot flashes

Although hot flashes are typically associated with women, men can also experience them. Hot flashes are unexpected feelings of heat or warmth that are frequently accompanied by perspiration and flushing. They can be mild or severe and can last from a few seconds to several minutes.

2. Fatigue

Male menopause can cause men to feel more tired than usual, even after getting a full night's sleep. Due to this, it may be difficult to maintain concentration and alertness throughout the day.

3. Decreased muscle mass

Testosterone is in charge of keeping muscles in place, so a drop in testosterone levels can result in a loss of muscle mass. Due to this, it might be harder to stay active and maintain a healthy weight.

4. Decreased bone density

Since testosterone also contributes to maintaining bone density, a drop in testosterone levels can result in brittle bones and a higher risk of fractures.

5. Erectile dysfunction

A drop in testosterone levels can result in a loss of sex desire and trouble getting or keeping an erection.

Psychological Symptoms of Male Menopause

1. Mood swings

Men going through male menopause may notice abrupt changes in their mood, including irritability, depression, or anxiety.

2. Decreased self-confidence

Low testosterone levels can make a man feel insecure and have a bad effect on his self-esteem.

3. Difficulty concentrating

Men going through male menopause may have trouble focusing and remembering things as well as they normally do.

4. Sleep disturbances

Men going through male menopause may have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep, which can leave them feeling drained and exhausted during the day.

Treatment Options for Male Menopause

Depending on the severity of the symptoms and the man's general health, there are various treatment options for male menopause. The following are some of the most popular types of treatment:

1. Testosterone Replacement Therapy

In testosterone replacement therapy, testosterone is given to patients to replace the hormone their bodies are no longer producing. Injections, gels, patches, pellets, and other forms of therapy are all possible. Male menopause symptoms like low libido, exhaustion, and mood swings can be lessened with testosterone replacement therapy. But this treatment is not appropriate for everyone, and it may cause undesirable side effects like acne, breast enlargement, and sleep apnea.

2. Lifestyle Changes

The symptoms of male menopause can also be reduced by altering one's lifestyle. These adjustments include eating a balanced diet, working out frequently, managing stress, and getting enough sleep. A higher quality of life may result from these changes in general health and wellness.

3. Alternative Treatments

The signs of male menopause can also be treated with a variety of alternative methods. Acupuncture, massage therapy, and herbal supplements are some of these therapies. It is crucial to keep in mind that these treatments may not be supported by science, and that each patient will respond to them differently.

Causes of Male Menopause

Low testosterone levels are the main factor causing male menopause. A key hormone in male development, testosterone is also responsible for a variety of physical and mental changes. Male menopause symptoms may appear as men age as a result of the gradual decline in testosterone levels.

Other factors that can contribute to male menopause include:

  • Chronic illness
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Stress
  • Medications
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Smoking

Diagnosis of Male Menopause

Male menopause can be difficult to diagnose because its symptoms frequently resemble those of other illnesses. A doctor will typically conduct a physical examination and request blood tests to identify male menopause. To ascertain whether there is a hormonal imbalance, blood tests will measure testosterone levels in addition to other hormone levels.

Treatment Options for Male Menopause

The good news is that there are many available treatments for male menopause. The severity of the symptoms and the condition's underlying cause will determine the available treatments. Several popular forms of treatment include:

1. Hormone Replacement Therapy

Age-related hormone decline is addressed by hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Typically, this entails testosterone replacement therapy in the case of male menopause. Injections, gels, patches, pellets, and injections are just a few of the ways that HRT can be used.

2. Lifestyle Changes

Altering one's way of life can also aid in managing the symptoms of male menopause. Some beneficial lifestyle adjustments include:

  • Regular exercise
  • Eating a healthy diet
  • Getting enough sleep
  • Reducing stress
  • Limiting alcohol consumption
  • Quitting smoking

3. Medications

The symptoms of male menopause can be treated with a number of different medications. Medications that may be prescribed include the following:

  • Antidepressants
  • Anxiety medication
  • Erectile dysfunction medication

Coping with Male Menopause – Tips for Men and Their Partners

Men and their partners may experience difficulties during the male menopause. Men can, however, take a number of steps to manage their symptoms and enhance their quality of life. Here are some suggestions for managing male menopause:

  • Exercise regularly: Regular exercise can help to improve muscle mass, lower weight gain, and increase testosterone levels. Additionally, it may lessen stress and lift your spirits.
  • Eat a healthy diet: Maintain a healthy weight and enhance your overall health by eating a diet low in processed foods and high in fruits, vegetables, and lean protein.
  • Get enough sleep: Sleep is essential for overall health and wellbeing. The recommended amount of sleep for men each night is 7-8 hours.
  • Manage stress: The signs of male menopause can worsen under stress. Men should make an effort to manage their stress by practicing relaxation techniques like yoga, meditation, or deep breathing.
  • Consider hormone replacement therapy: Men who experience severe symptoms of male menopause may find it helpful. This entails using synthetic testosterone in place of the natural hormone.

Partners can also play a crucial role in helping men cope with male menopause. Here are some tips for partners:

  • Be understanding: Male menopause can be a trying time for men, so it's crucial to be sympathetic and understanding.
  • Communicate openly: The symptoms of male menopause and the best ways to support one another during this time should be discussed openly by partners.
  • Be patient: Male menopause can cause changes that can take some time for men to get used to. During this process, partners should be understanding and encouraging.


1. Is male menopause real?

Yes, male menopause is a real condition that affects many men as they get older. While it is not as well-known or openly discussed as female menopause, it can have a magnificent impact on a man's quality of life.

2. What age is the male menopause?

Male menopause, or andropause, usually affects men who are in their 30s or 40s and continues throughout their life. However, the symptoms may not become noticeable until later in life.


The natural and gradual decrease in testosterone levels that occurs as men age is known as male menopause, or andropause. Male menopause symptoms can vary from mild to severe depending on the individual. A man's quality of life may be significantly impacted by the physical and mental signs of male menopause. Men can manage these symptoms and carry on living their lives to the fullest, though, with the proper information and care. The most popular forms of treatment for male menopause include testosterone replacement therapy, dietary changes, and complementary therapies. To determine the best course of action for your unique needs, it is imperative to speak with a healthcare professional before beginning any treatment.


  1. Gould, D. C. (2000). The male menopause: does it exist? For: Some men need investigation and testosterone treatment. Western Journal of Medicine, 173(2), 76–78. ‌


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