Acid reflux disease is a condition in which the stomach acids abnormally reflux into the esophagus. This phenomenon is irregularly experienced by most people, most especially after eating.
Our body uses gastric and stomach acids to break down the food that we eat. Normally, after the digestion in the stomach, the food is delivered by the digestive muscles to the intestines for extra digestion. But in patients who have acid reflux disease, the acidic stomach contents are moved back to the esophagus, which then causes inflammation. Cigarettes, alcohol, caffeine, pregnancy, and fatty foods are some factors which worsens acid reflux conditions.


Our present knowledge about acid reflux based on medical researches tells us that this disease is common in men as it is in women. There is no sexual preference. Moreover, the prevalence of acid reflux is more frequent in people of 40 years of age or more.

Acid Reflux Symptoms

Symptoms of acid reflux may be typical or atypical. But based on the diagnosis of acid reflux patients, only 70% of those who have this disease manifest typical symptoms. Typical or oesophagal symptoms concern indicators which are related to the oesophagus. Such symptoms include the following:
  • Heartburn: This is a condition in which the patient feels a painful burning feeling in the oesophagus. The pain often develops in the chest and may swell to the neck or throat.
  • Dyspepsia: Researches show that about half of acid reflux patients have dyspepsia. This is a syndrome which consists of pain and distress in the upper abdomen, nausea after a meal, and stomach fullness. It is not a rule however, that those who have dyspepsia have acid reflux.
  • Regurgitation: This is when the gastric contents back up into the pharynx and sometimes as far as the mouth. In cases where the acids have spilt into the tracheobronchial tree, respiratory complications can be stimulated.
There are many instances, though, that acid reflux patients do not manifest symptoms such as regurgitation and heartburn. Instead, they experience atypical or extraesophageal symptoms which include the following:
  • Throat Symptoms: Although it does not commonly happen, acid reflux patients suffer from symptoms that occur in the throat. Hoarseness, the feeling of having a lump in the throat, dry cough are undergone by those who have acid laryngitis, a throat symptom.
  • Vomiting and Nausea: When a patient suffers from nausea which persists for weeks, he may have acid reflux. There are a few instances where vomiting can occur as often as once a day.
  • Respiratory Symptoms: Coughing and wheezing are counted as respiratory symptoms. These result from the overrunning of the stomach acids into the tracheobronchial tree creating bronchoconstriction.

Acid reflux disease can last for several months if not given proper medical attention. Drug treatment may only be required for a short time. But when the symptoms tend to repetitively occur, the drug treatment may have to be reapplied. 

Powerful Remedies for Acid Reflux

1. Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple cider vinegar can help improve digestion because the acetic acid it contains mimics the acidity of stomach acid. Apple cider vinegar is also a natural “bitter,” which can help increase stomach acid production.

2. Digestive Enzymes

Stomach acid helps activate your digestive enzymes, which are needed to help breakdown and absorb nutrients from the food you eat.

3. Marshmallow Root

This is because marshmallow is a natural demulcent, which soothes and protects the stomach lining and oesophagus from acidity.

4. Betaine HCl

Betaine HCl, which is typically derived from beets, can help increase your hydrochloric acid levels naturally.

5. Liquorice Root

It is said to help strengthen and soothe the stomach and oesophagal lining. It may also help reduce abdominal discomfort, such as bloating, gas and burning.

6. Aloe Vera

The aloe vera plant is one of the most soothing natural remedies for internal and external inflammation, and with its cooling properties, it can help calm the tissue irritation in the oesophagus or stomach caused by stomach acidity.

7. Ginger Root and/or Chamomile Tea

Both ginger root and chamomile have soothing properties that may help reduce the inflammation and irritation stomach acid can cause to the oesophagus. 

Tips to Prevent Acid Reflux

These easy tips can keep prevent or limit acid reflux symptoms from flaring up and impacting your lifestyle.
  • Eat 2-3 hours before bedtime
  • Avoid going to sleep immediately after eating a big meal.
  • Elevate your head
  • Raising your head 3-4 inch will help keep your stomach acid from reaching your oesophagus.
  • Stop Smoking!
  • Nicotine, a key part of tobacco, is thought to relax the ring of muscle in the lower oesophagus that keeps acid in the stomach, where it belongs.
  • Wear comfortable clothes
  • Tight clothing can pressure on the stomach, causing the release of acid.
  • Lose weight
  • Excess weight increases abdominal pressure, making stomach acid leakage or backflow more likely.
  • Consult your doctor
  • If symptoms worsen over time or if your medications no longer work.


All the content on this blog, including medical opinion and any other health-related information, are solely to provide information only. Any information/statements on this blog are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease, and should NOT be a substitute for health and medical advice that can be provided by your own physician/medical doctor.  We at Nano Singapore Shop, encourage you to consult a doctor before making any health or diet changes, especially any changes related to a specific diagnosis or condition.