You’ve probably heard about the benefits of using acids in skincare. But are you aware of how and when you should use them? Acids are one of the most important categories of ingredients in skincare because they act as an enzyme that activates your skin’s natural processes. When it comes to any type of acid, their power lies in their ability to release tension from the cells and pathways in your skin. The result is a more rejuvenated appearance and better function for your complexion.
What is an acid?
An acid is a substance that is able to remove a base, which is the main component in the compounds that comprise your skin. When you use an acid in skincare, your skin begins to shed the different layers it has built. This process is referred to as exfoliation, and it’s an important part of skin renewal because it sloughs away built-up layers of dead cells and unbalanced oil levels. If you regularly use acidic ingredients, your skin will be less likely to accumulate impurities, or build-up. Acids also have a firming and moisturizing effect on your skin, thanks to the increased blood flow and reduced sebum production that occurs in its cells. This makes them a great way to brighten and soothe your complexion. Most commonly, you will find acids in the form of AHAs (alpha hydroxy acids), which are typically used as a spot treatment.
What types of acids are there?
- Alpha Hydroxy Acids - Beta Hydroxy Acines - Alpha Keto Acids - Superficial Peel SSAAs - Extraction Agents - Other Ingredients
How to use an acid in skincare
You can use any type of acid in skincare in one of two ways: as a spot treatment or full-face treatment. Spot treatments are intended for single areas of blemished skin. You may use them before makeup to brighten, or use them to clean up after makeup is worn to remove any excess oil and debris. You can also use them to treat acne. A superficial peel is intended for full-face use. It can be used to lighten dark spots, reduce hyperpigmentation, and even out skin texture. For spot treatments, mix 20% glycolic acid with 80% water. Use a cotton swab to apply the formula to the acne-prone areas of your face. Do not rinse it off. Allow the formula to remain on your skin for 20 to 30 minutes before washing it off. Use this treatment once every two to three days to reduce the build-up of toxins and excess oil in your skin. If you’re using it for acne, use it once a day.
When should you use an acid in skincare?
There are many benefits to using acids in skincare, both from a cosmetic and therapeutic point of view. The key to using acids safely is to follow a routine that involves their application at the right time. - If you have oily or acne-prone skin, you should use an acid once a week to help control the excess oil and prevent breakouts. - If you want to lighten dark spots, you should wait at least two weeks after bleaching your skin to use an acid. - If you want to brighten your complexion, use an acid once a week to renew the skin’s epidermis. - If you have dry skin, you should use an acid once every two weeks to restore the skin’s natural balance.
Tips for safe and effective acid usage
- Never mix acids in skincare. Doing so can result in a burn or an allergic reaction on the skin. - Always clean the skin thoroughly before applying an acid. You can use a cleanser, toner, and/or a face mask to help remove impurities from your pores. - Always start off with a small amount of acid. If you are not comfortable with using acids yet, start with a percentage that you are comfortable with. - Always remember to patch-test the product you want to use before applying it to your whole face, including under the eyes. - If you wear makeup, wait at least 20 minutes after using an acid before putting on your makeup so that the acid has a chance to work. - If you have an allergic reaction to an acid, wash it off immediately and patch-test the product again.
There’s no denying that acids are one of the most important categories of ingredients in skincare. This is because they act as an enzyme that activates your skin’s natural processes. When it comes to any type of acid, their power lies in their ability to release tension from the cells and pathways in your skin. The result is a more rejuvenated appearance and better function for your complexion. In this article, we will discuss the different types of acids, how to use them, when they should be used, and more.
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